Code developing requires continuous reworks, fixes, updates and downgrades. Managing it with Git allows easy code revisions management, but it is full terminal-only based. Installing Gogs in Raspberry PI grants a private Git web portal (similar to Github) to host your own code and share it with your friends.
In this tutorial I’m going to show you how to setup a private Git web portal in a cheap board, installing Gogs on Raspberry PI. I’ll use a Raspberry PI Zero W, but this tutorial works also with newer Raspberry PI boards.
More details on using Git can be found in Use GitHub with Raspberry PI OS from Terminal article.
What is Gogs
Gogs is a self-hosted Git service. From software perspective, it seems to be composed of a simple web server, empowered with Git support, and a database.
Gogs has very low minimal hardware requirements, since we can install it on RPI Zero. It is so lightweight that its homepage reports that some users even run instances on their NAS devices.
You can install from binary, source, packages or Docker image (but ARM tag is missing).
Following list shows prerequisites:
- Database (MySQL, PostgreSQL, TiDB). I’ll use MariaDB, which is a lighweight MySQL fork able to run on Raspberry PI Zero W.
- SSH server
What We Need
As usual, I suggest adding from now to your favorite e-commerce shopping cart all needed hardware, so that at the end you will be able to evaluate overall costs and decide if continue with the project or remove them from the shopping cart. So, hardware will be only:
- Raspberry PI Zero W (including proper power supply or using a smartphone micro usb charger with at least 3A) or newer Raspberry PI Board
- high speed micro SD card (at least 16 GB, at least class 10)
Check hardware prices with following links:
Prepare Operating System
Start installing your OS. For these projects I suggest to install Raspberry PI OS Lite since it is fast and you can use it without monitor/keyboard (with remote SSH connection). You can also install Raspberry PI OS Desktop, using following procedure with its internal terminal.
Make your OS up to date. From terminal:
sudo apt update -y && sudo apt upgrade -y
Install also Git, as required:
sudo apt install git
Install MariaDB database
You will need both MariaDB server and client as latter will be used to initialize database for Gogs instance.
sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
At this point you can evaluate perfecting secure setting already explained in LAMP server on Raspberry PI at “Install Database” paragraph.
To prepare database instance, shoose your favourite user, password and DB name to use instead of gogsUser, gogsPassword and gogsDb in following script. These credentials will be needed from Gogs application for internal database usage and will be different from ones to access web portal.
From terminal (if you didn’t set a root password with MariaDB secure installation script, it will be empty):
sudo mysql -uroot -p
Then type following commands. Each comand includes finishing semicolumn followed by ENTER key pressure:
create database gogsDb; create user gogsUser@'%' identified by 'gogsPassword'; grant all privileges on gogsDb.* to gogsUser@'%'; flush privileges; quit
From terminal, get latest ARMv7 binary package (check it from https://gogs.io/docs/installation/install_from_binary page, copying ZIP download link):
Move this file in your favourite folder (I’ll leave it on pi home) and then unzip:
Enter the extracted folder:
Create Gogs Service for Systemctl
To avoid manually running gogs start at each reboot, we need to configure it as daemon. This way we can run it in background from boot and manage its staus from systemctl. In this part, I’m supposing you left gogs folder in /home/pi/ folder.
Create a new service under /etc/systemd/system/ folder:
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/gogs.service
and add following lines:
[Unit] Description=Gogs service script After=network.target StartLimitIntervalSec=0 [Service] Type=simple Restart=always RestartSec=1 User=root ExecStart=/home/pi/gogs/gogs web [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Close and save. Configure service to start on reboot:
sudo systemctl enable gogs.service
Start your new service with command:
sudo systemctl start gogs.service
Chech it is running correctlywith systemctl status, getting something similar to following:
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl status gogs.service ● gogs.service - Gogs service script Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/gogs.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Fri 2020-12-04 06:49:34 GMT; 2s ago Main PID: 893 (gogs) Tasks: 4 (limit: 881) CGroup: /system.slice/gogs.service └─893 /home/pi/gogs/gogs web Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [ WARN] Custom config "/home/pi/gogs/custom/conf/ap Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Log mode: Console (Trace) Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [ INFO] Gogs 0.12.3 Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Work directory: /home/pi/gogs Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Custom path: /home/pi/gogs/custom Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Custom config: /home/pi/gogs/custom/conf/ap Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Log path: /home/pi/gogs/log Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Build time: 2020-10-07 03:43:11 UTC Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [TRACE] Build commit: f0e3cd90f8d7695960eeef2e4e54b Dec 04 06:49:36 raspberrypi gogs: 2020/12/04 06:49:36 [ INFO] Run mode: Development
With your favourite browser, use your Raspberry PI IP address as url, followed by port 3000 and “install” subfolder. My RPI IP address is 192.168.1.79, so in my case URL will be “http://192.168.1.79:3000/install”. The gogs installation page will appear as following picture:
Setup this page with following (leaving default where not specified). Take care to use your MariaDb user, password and database name instead of mine. If you want to expose this service externally to your local network (with services like NoIP DUC), please edit Domain and Application URL parameters accordingly.
- Database settings:
- Database Type: MySQL
- User: gogsUser
- Password: gogsPassword
- Database Name: gogsDb
- Application General Settings
- Application Name: your website/organization name
- Run User: root
- Domain: 192.168.1.79
- Application URL: http://192.168.1.79:3000/
Moreover, use “Admin Account Settings” to setup your very first (admin) user for web portal by settin your favourite username, password and you email address.
Finally, click “Install Gogs” button at the end of this page.
NOTE: at this part, I got an error: “Run user isn’t the current user: root -> git”. Launching again “Install Gogs” button “magically” worked with no more errors.
Gogs page will then redirect to your user home page:
If you didn’t ser your Account setting, then you will have Gogs login page. You will need to register as new user. The very first user in Gogs will have administrative prviledges.
More info can be found in Gogs Offical Documentation page.
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